Describe the structure of the pen nib itself? what is is like?
I can create a wide variety of value with texture of hatching, cross-hatching and stippling
What are the three ways to create texture and value with just black marks?
BUT first, let's find out about dip pens.
now let's find out about hatching, cross hatching and stippling.
The background color is often neutral unless you are trying to make some kind of statement in the work.
I can accurately use proportion to create a convincing face - the background - or un-activated space will take up no more than 20% of the picture
making shadows and highlights in portraits means using compliments in order to make the face look lively and give the skin luminescence. Try mixing orange/red and green or yellow/orange and blue to make 'browns' to make shadows.
Why is tempera paint different than water color?